Alphabet- It was adopted by the Greeks and used all over the world today. Transparent glass- They molded glass made of sand, limestone, and sodium carbonate. Navigation- They used the star north star, Polaris, for a new way of navigation.
They made the first alphabet with characters. These characters combined to form sounds. This was improvement over drawing a picture of the word you were trying to write.
Phoenicians were polytheistic, which means they believed in many gods. Their religion was inspired by the powers in the process of nature. The gods that were worshiped were local.
Wealthy merchant aristocrats had certain rights that protected them from laws. Which means they technically they did not have to follow the laws set by the Phoenician kings, because they were rich.
The Phoenicians live near the coast, this was an advantage because it was easier to trade and fish for food. They also have wide fields. The wide fields were great for farming crops.
King Hiram I was the king of Phoenicia. The Phoenicians form of government was kingship. The king was chosen out of the members of the royal house.
We do not know where they originally came from, but the name Phoenician came from the Greek phoenix meaning red-purple. Their homeland was a narrow coastal strip now divided among Syria, Lebanon, and Israel.
10 QUESTIONS 1.) What was one of the inventions the Phoenicians invented? 2.) Where were the Phoenicians originally from? 3.) Did the Phoenicians believe in many gods or just one? 4.) What Greek word does Phoenician come from? 5.) Was the navigation used by the Polaris north star, or the Vega north star? 6.) What did they make the alphabet with? 7.)Why did they make the transparent glass out of? 8.) What type of religion did they practice? 9.) What are the advantages of living near the coast? 10.) Why did the Phoenicians need wide, open fields?
Ancient Civilizations. Danbury, CT: Grolier Educational, 2000.
2.)"Geographical Discovery. The Phoenicians.
Discovery. The Phoenicians. Carthage. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2013. <http://www.1902encyclopedia.com/G/GEO/geography-02.html>.
3.) Griffin, Dana. "Life As
a Phoenician." EHow. Demand Media, 13 June 2010. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.